Cabbage, one of the most abundant crops is very easy to grow and most importantly very good to eat. This belongs to the Brassica family and is hard cool season two-year vegetables grown as annuals. You say something, raw or boiled, it is good and they are excellent in salads, soups, pipe frozen etc.
Cabbage is rich in vitamins – vitamin K, vitamin C and vitamin B6 and is an excellent source of nutrition with a healthy supply of minerals such as potassium. This leafy green vegetable also has abundant antioxidants, which prevents cell damage and they are known for their anti-cancer properties.
Cabbage requires a fertile soil and it needs regular watering. The soil should be well drained and it requires full sun to partial shade. The soil pH should be between 6 and 6.5. Make sure you don't grow cabbage in a place where brassicas are grown in the previous three years. Of course, the key to a large harvest is the humus-rich soil, so before planting you add a good amount of compost to the soil.
How to plant
You can plant the vegetables in the spring. I suggest you start the seed indoors in propagation and when the plants develop two sets of genuine leaves, you can transplant into your garden. Cabbage is extremely hard and they can be grown together with the earliest of the cold seasonal crops. Make sure you keep at least 15 inches between plants and about 2-3 feet between the rows.
If you are planting from seeds, you sow directly to the soil about 1/2 inch deep. Adding organic fertilizers every 2-3 weeks, as they are highly susceptible to many nutritional deficiencies due to their heavy food nature.
The vegetable can be harvested in 6-8 weeks depending on the variety. Carefully cut the stem on the bottom of the head with a trimming knife. Remove the outer leaves and keep it for composting. The best time to harvest is in the morning when your head is cold and sharp.
After harvesting, keep it in the refrigerator after washing for up to 2 weeks. Before storing in a refrigerator, make sure the head is dry to reduce rot.
Insects and diseases
If you cover the young plants with rust protection, you will protect the cabbage from cabbage worms, flea bites and root stomachs. Young plants can also be projected from insect pests by keeping a collar made of paper cups with the bottom sheath. Watch out for small white butterflies that pat around your cold crops. They are the ones that form the cabbage masks. If you found them, mix in a bucket of water 1 and a half teaspoon of Bacillus thuringiensis (found in the stores) and apply to the plants. Often repeat for 5-7 days of interval depending on invaders.
Some of the cabbage diseases whisking, cushioning and clubroot. I suggest not using overhead sprinklers while watering because these problems need wet leaves.